A Dance of Grace and Fools

by | Aug 18, 2019

An Japanese man smiles as he participates in Awa Odori.

It is said that Awa Odori began as a 16th century dance party with large quantities of adult beverages. To anyone who has witnessed the modern celebration of this rambunctious dance festival, this fact is completely unsurprising. Awa Odori is pure glee for participants and spectators alike and has grown to become one of Japan’s favorite forms of summer weekend entertainment.

We owe a debt of gratitude to Lord Hachisuka Iemasa, the daimyo of what is now Tokushima Prefecture. Upon the completion of his castle, his first decree was “Everybody Wang Chung tonite!” inviting perhaps his whole domain to Opening Night at the Castle. This three day event apparently had a generous open bar and the grateful peasantry took full advantage, consuming large amounts of alcohol and stumbling about in drunken stupors. A simple tune was quickly created for the party, the lyrics to which suggesting perhaps its writer had hit the sake keg one too many times.

The dancers are fools

The spectators are fools

Both are fools

So why not dance?

~The generic Awa Odori song

Those who subscribe to the stereotype of Japanese as a reserved and gentle folk need only squeeze into the sweaty crowd at one of these popular summer festivals to have their eyes opened for the better. Awa Odori is a dance party, a moveable mosh pit that is safe enough for even the smallest family members to attend, alluring enough to get even a stoic Japanese ojisan literally dancing in the streets.

Yet, there is a dichotomy even among the dancers of Awa Odori. Awa Odori is a dance both genders can participate in, but if you are a man, you are generally restricted to dancing the part of the fool. These dancers flail and beckon, interacting with the crowds, teasing the spectators who refuse to let down their omote facades. Women can dance in this role equally, though most dance more elegantly than the brutish dance of the men. But only women can don the torioigasa (literally “bird scaring hat”), kimono, and geta, the latter tilted forward and worn like a stiletto heel. The dance of these women, though using the same basic pattern as the fools, is more refined and graceful, their arms slightly bent and reaching heavenward, kimono sleeves swaying like angel’s wings, and the torioigasa slightly hiding their faces, giving them a enchanting air of mystery.

The largest festival in Japan takes place every August over three days in the birthplace of Awa Odori, Tokushima Prefecture, just like it has for over 400 years since that fateful celebration at the castle. Tokyo’s Koenji neighborhood in western Tokyo boasts the second largest festival, the first Awa Odori event held outside of Tokushima, a relative baby born in 1956. However, Awa Odori festivals are commonplace in many cities all over Japan and many neighborhoods of Tokyo, mainly in the months of July and August.

If on the dance scale, Bon Odori is a waltz, perhaps Awa Odori would be regarded as the Macarena (and Yosakoi, another popular Japanese dance might be EDM). It is simple enough for even the most left-footed dancer to learn and once you learn it, you can insert yourself in almost any Awa Odori festival across Japan without looking like a fool (unless of course that is your intention). Awa Odori is ever evolving, however, and some troupes , known as ren, are choreographing more complex and entertaining dances to stand out on the festival circuits.

Even if you are not a dancer, standing along a steamy, crowded street with Awa Odori dancers lurching past you, faces glowing with sweat and smiles, the beat of a dozen taiko drums reverberating in your chest, your body will begin to move. The euphoria of the dance will have you in its grip, and you will find yourself clapping along, shouting encouragements of “Yatto yatto!“, and feeling a part of something bigger. Which you are, because when you attend an event like Awa Odori in Japan, you are not just a spectator. You are a part of the community.

Crowds in Japan joining in the Awa Odori dance parade in Tokyo.

Like what you're seeing?

Let’s talk about how I can help your business in creating custom content promoting your products and services!

How Hachiko the 100-year-old Dog Still Inspires a Nation

Japan's most beloved dog, Hachiko celebrates his 100th birthday this month, or in dog years, his 700th birthday, which is approaching Dog Methuselah years. Of course, dear Hachiko is no longer with us, having crossed the Rainbow Bridge in...

Finding Gohime – Connecting With Japan’s Hidden Past

Discover the story of how Gohime, daughter of the Japanese warlord who first made Christianity illegal in Japan, became a Christian herself.

Kadokawa Musashino Museum – The Rock Floating On Water

Information about the Kadokawa Musashino Museum, designed by architect Kengo Kuma. This building opened in Tokorozawa, Saitama in 2020.

Hello Again, 2020

With the state of emergency triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic lifted across all of Japan as of yesterday, is it too late to salvage the year 2020?

The Vegetarian Food Culture of Kyoto

Kyoto is certainly rich in Japanese tradition and cultural history, but how well does it fare when it comes to vegetarian cuisine? I found out on a recent business trip to the old capital.

Desperately Seeking Shoyu In Saitama

Let Chiba have their giants of mass-produced soy sauce. I’ll head west to Kawagoe, where three craft shoyu makers are still creating cedar barrel-aged masterpieces of sweet umami flavor.

Riding the Friendly Skies – The Skyflyer Ultra Express

To be frank, I have been a long-time customer of the Keisei Skyliner train between Narita Airport and Ueno Station and have never once had anything critical to say about its comfort and service. No traveler loves the long distance between...

The Green Mile – A Long Road of Practicing Tea Ceremony

What the world’s worst tea ceremony student has learned through practicing tea in Japan, and it isn’t about tea at all.

How To Fail At Workation

The time I tried to do “workation” in Nagano in Japan and failed miserably. But perhaps it wasn’t misery I found, but a chance to truly relax.

7 Essential Items For a Summer Trip to Japan

Summer vacation is in full swing, COVID-19 travel restrictions are almost completely a thing of the past, and Japan has been tugging at your travel sleeve for years now. But summer in Japan can be daunting for those who have never...

Pin It on Pinterest

Share This